In artificial intelligence or AI we know so far, companies liken the human brain with a computer.
However, the brain does not process information, retrieves knowledge, and does not store memories just like a computer does, according to Pascal Kaufmann.
The current approach
So companies claiming to use AI to build the "next generation" of their products are unknowingly saying Big Data intersection, data analysis and automation, according to Swiss neuroscientist and co-founder Starmind Pascal Kaufmann.
"Today, so-called AI is often just the human intelligence of the developers who develop it and it is concentrated in the source code," said Kaufmann, who worked for years on cyborgs at DARPA.
"We do not need 300 million pictures of cats to be able to tell if something is a cat, a cow or a dog."
Intelligence is not related to Big Data, but to the small data. The principles that make us recognize a cat as children do are called intelligence and it's something that does not need millions of photos.
"True AI" is not the ability of a machine to operate strategically and outside of a rule-based algorithm, according to Kaufmann, who believes that AI can cheat without being programmed to do so.
In addition, the ability to automate human behavior or work is not necessarily a reflection of how smart machines are made, always according to Kaufmann who spoke to ZDNet.
"Take a pump, for example, instead of carrying water from the river, you can use a pump, but this is not artificial intelligence, rather than automating a manual job."
Artificial Intelligence The other side
So while Facebook plans to develop a brain-computer interface and Elon Musk wants to merge human brain with AI, Kaufmann states that the "brain code" must be broken in order to move forward in the field. He also said that this can only be achieved through neuroscience research.
Earlier this year, its founder DeepMind Demis Hassabis said something similar in a paper, saying that the fields of AI and neuroscience need to be reconnected and that only by understanding natural intelligence we can develop the artificial species.
"Many companies are investing their resources in building faster computers… we need to focus more on the [principles] of the brain, understanding how it works… rather than copying and pasting information," Kaufmann said.
Kaufmann has admitted that he does not have all the answers, but finds it "interesting" that high-level entrepreneurs like Musk and Mark Zuckerberg, who do not yet have AI or neuroscience, have such strong and opposing views on AI.
Artificial Intelligence Disputes and destruction
Ο Musk and Zuckerberg on the other hand they threw mud at each other in July, during a controversy over whether "bad AI" can destroy humanity especially if not monitored and properly regulated. Zuckerberg spoke optimistically about AI and argued that it could contribute to a better quality of life.
Together but with proper training
Meanwhile, Kaufmann believes that systems should be designed in such a way that people and machines can work together, not against each other.
Kaufmann, for example, predicts a future where people wear smart lenses (something like Google Glass) that act as "the third half of the brain" and extract relevant information from conversations they have.
"The main difference between man and machine is the ability to ask him questions. Machines are more to offer solutions. "
However, Kaufmann admitted that people do not know how to ask the right questions very often because they are taught to remember events from school. Those who remember most of the events are also those who get the best scores.
He believes that people should be trained to make the right questions, adding that a right question is the 50% of the solution. The right questions will allow people to understand the principles of the brain and develop the true AI.
The company claims that the self-learning system it develops connects autonomously and maps the internal know-how of large groups of people, allowing employees to use the knowledge base of an organization or the "corporate brain" when questions are asked.
The new system
The Starmind system integrates with existing communication channels - such as Skype for Business or a corporate browser - eliminating the need to change employee behavior, Kaufmann said.
Questions written in the question pane are answered immediately if an expert's response is already stored in Starmind, while new unanswered questions are automatically directed to the appropriate expert on the organization, based on their skills, availability patterns and willingness to share know-how. All responses are added to and strengthen the corporate knowledge base.
"Our vision is to intelligently connect thousands of human brains, and to surpass any machine," Kaufmann said.
This is very different from asking a question to a search engine. Google is basically "a big data engine" that answers questions that have already been asked, but is unable to answer new questions.
The Storming is now used in more than 40 countries by organizations such as Accenture, Bayer, Nestlé and Telefonica Deutschland.
Man does not need money
When asked how people would earn money to survive, Kaufmann said that society does not need to be governed by money.
"In many science fiction scenarios, there is no money. When you look at animal colonies like the ant, there is no cash. ”
In addition, if humans had constant access to intelligent machines, Kaufmann said, "accelerating human development would be very fast" and "creating new species."
"AI is the ultimate tool for human progress," he said emphatically.