US lawmakers have their first chance to "chat" with Facebook Inc.'s chief executive Mr Mark Zuckerberg. The congressional meeting is scheduled for tomorrow and tomorrow (Tuesday and Wednesday), and elected representatives of the American people will have the opportunity to rate Facebook.
But because politicians are not always well informed about how data collection works through social networks, the editors of Bloomberg View and Bloomberg Gadfly gathered a list of questions that Congress members could ask Mr. Mark Zuckerberg to to take serious responses to the serious issues at stake.
38 Questions to Mark Zuckerberg
Data and privacy
Stephen L. Carter: Facebook collects a lot of information from its users. Would you say that this data belongs to Facebook or the user from whom it is collected?
Shira Ovide: Do you believe that average Facebook users, including your parents, understand that Facebook collects information from sites and applications that have nothing to do with Facebook, including all sites with "Like?" Do you agree to limit data collection only to activities within Facebook and other digital services owned by Facebook?
Joe Nocera: Do you have any objection to requesting permission from your members to share their data? If so, why?
Michael R. Strain: Many people worry that Facebook dominates to the point that it is too difficult for other companies to compete. One solution to this may be to redistribute ownership of social graphs of Facebook users. Do you believe ownership of social graph by users is a good idea? If not, why not?
Scott Duke Kominers: Will Facebook communicate with any person whose data was inappropriately used to explain what information was collected, how they were shared and how they were used? Will Facebook take steps to compensate these people?
Alex Webb: Apple uses a process called "different privacy" to keep the data it collects from its users anonymous. What keeps Facebook from doing the same?
Barry Ritholtz: How much would Facebook pay its users for a monthly subscription with no platform tracking, no ads, and permanent permanent deletion of all Facebook internal data?
Alex Webb: What will Facebook do to reduce its dependence on user data as a revenue source?
Shira Ovide: You regret what you said immediately after the US presidential election. that it was "very crazy idea"That information from Facebook could have influenced the presidential election?
Cathy O'Neil: What will you do with Russia?
- Have you investigated whether Russian ads have influenced 2016 voter turnout? If not, why not?
- Have you collected the right data to do it?
- Do you now collect the right data?
- Are you performing random experiments so you can run such tests in future election cycles?
Eli Lake: Could you check Russia's global online advertising campaign?
Impact on society
Leonid Bershidsky: What do you think is a bigger breach of trust:
- Allowing developers to have people's data without their consent?
- Is the news spread that you know fake?
- Receiving ads that you know are malicious? or
- the fact that you do not allow advertisers to control the way their ads are displayed?
Please sort the order.
Conor Sen: The experience of Facebook users, with hangouts, is based on algorithms that aim to maximize engagement, is highly successful and perhaps very successful. The question posed by SalesForce CEO Marc Benioff is good: Is the social harm of Facebook addiction so damaging that needs to be regulated like cigarettes?
Ramesh Ponnuru: Before long people were reading the news on paper or watching a channel. They could choose which stories to read and they could know who was telling them. With your company, more and more people are learning about developments in the world from machines that use processes that almost none of them understand. Can you describe the process by which some stories are first published and others not? Can you describe it without using the word "algorithm"? What do you think people should know about this process?
Matthew Winkler: According to a recent research by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), false news travels faster than real stories. How can Facebook block this trip?
Conor Sen: Why are news publications and political advertising, on Facebook, getting a regulatory exception while traditional media do not get?
Virginia Postrel: What control does Facebook do on ads it receives? What logical standards of responsibility could apply to advertising?
Eli Lake: In recent years, a growing number of activists have complained that their pages in Instagram, Facebook and other social media platforms are not showing up. This banning practice is opaque. Could you tell us if Facebook has banning practices and, if so, how do you specify which pages should be displayed?
Culture on Facebook
Stephen L. Carter: Is Facebook worried about recruiting and promoting the political or ideological views of its employees?
Shira Ovide: Throughout Facebook's 14 history, there has been repeated controversy over data collection policies or company privacy violations. First, Facebook believes it has complied with settlement of the FTC; And secondly, the repeated, persistent privacy concerns of users in Facebook's history indicate that something is not working in the company?
Alex Webb: When was the last time any of the employees said one of your suggestions (referring to Mark Zuckerberg as CEO) was a bad idea?
Shira Ovide: 2016, one of your senior executives, Andrew Bosworth, was released a deliberately provocative internal note that reported the drawbacks of your attempt to connect the world.
"Maybe someone dies in a terrorist attack coordinated by our tools," the memo said. This goes against what you said in interviews last year, that Facebook can actually predict potential risks. Why hasn't he done it?
Adam Minter: In July of 2009, the Chinese government blocked Facebook's promotion in China. The exact reason remains unclear, but it is part of an overall model. The Chinese government does not want a social media platform - foreign or domestic - to operate in China unless it complies with local law. It's no secret that you want to see Facebook in China (Mark Zuckerberg's wife is from China). Could you please tell the committee if you are willing to comply with China's requirements?
Finally, a general advice for legislators
Jonathan Bernstein: This kind of listening and celebrity is not about politics. This is not bad. So you can ask Mark Zuckerberg the most striking question. The goal is to create publicity.