One of the basic tools of Windows is the Resource Monitor or in Greek the "Resource Monitoring". In this article we will deal with it in more detail.
The Windows operating system comes with many built-in tools for analyzing resource usage. The most important is perhaps the Task Manager (task manager) of Windows, as it indicates the use of resources for individual processes and gives administrators and users options to close any malware.
Performance Monitor and Resource Monitor are two additional tools that administrators and experienced Windows users can use to analyze performance or resource issues on computers running Windows.
Let's start by looking at what a Resource Monitor is and how it differs from Task Manager and the Performance Monitor.
What is Resource Monitor?
Microsoft has added Resource Monitor to Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 operating systems. The program displays real-time information about your computer hardware and software resources.
Task Manager can best be described as a tool running on the surface. It contains procedures and services and general use of resources. Resource Monitor, on the other hand, gives you options to look deeper, to search for information not provided by Task Manager. And also resource monitoring operates under the Performance Monitor process.
How to start resource monitoring
Users and administrators have several ways to start resource monitoring. It is included in various versions of Windows and some ways to start the tool are only available in selected versions of the operating system.
Logically, the first two methods should work on all versions of Windows supported by Microsoft.
1st way. Use the Windows key and R to open the run box. Type resmon.exe and press Enter.
2nd way. Use the Windows key and R to open the run box. Type perfmon.exe / res and press Enter.
3rd way. In Windows 10, select Start> All Applications> Windows Management Tools> Resource Monitor.
4th way. Open Windows Task Manager with Ctrl-Shift-Esc. Scroll to the Performance tab, and then click Open Resource Monitor.
Windows Resource Monitoring
The Resource Monitor window appears the same in Windows 7, Windows 8.1, and Windows 10. The program uses tabs to separate data. Overview, CPU, Memory, Disk and Network are the five tabs of the program.
The program loads the "Overview" tab when you start. This Overview reports CPU, disk, network, and memory data, including all resource-intensive processes. The sidebar displays graphs that indicate CPU, disk, network, and memory usage for a period of 60 seconds.
You can hide and show items by clicking the arrow icon to the right of each title bar. Another option you have in terms of appearance is to move the mouse pointer over dividers to adjust the visible area. You can, for example, hide graphs to make more room for more important data, and run the Resource Monitor window at as high a resolution as possible.
The Overview tab is a good starting point, as it gives you an overview of resource usage. Indicates CPU and memory usage, disk usage, and real-time network usage.
Each specific list offers a wealth of information. The CPU box lists the process names and IDs, the Network box the IP addresses and the speed of sending and receiving data, the Memory box the hardware errors per second, and the Disk box the read and write functions.
An interesting option here is to select one or more processes under the CPU box to apply filters to the other boxes, namely Disk, Network and Memory. If you select a specific process under the CPU, Resource Monitor records the disk, network, and memory usage of this process only. This is one of the differences with Task Manager, as you can not do that.
CPU monitoring using Resource Monitoring
You need to go to the CPU tab if you want to monitor CPU usage in detail. There you will find the list of processes as in the overview tab, but you will also find three new boxes, Services, Relevant Controls and Relevant Modules.
You can filter by process to display data only for those processes. This is very convenient as it is a quick way to see the connection between processes and services and other files on the system.
Note that the graphs are different from those shown before. The graphs on the CPU tab list each kernel usage, CPU service usage, and total CPU usage.
Relevant modules list files, such as dynamic connection libraries, that are used by a process. Relevant controls point to system resources, such as files or registry values. These provide specific information that you may find useful from time to time. You can perform a search on a process, for example, to find out why you could not delete a file at that time.
Resource Monitor also gives you some control over the processes and services on the CPU tab. Right-click on any process to display a context menu with options to end the selected process or the entire process tree, to suspend or parse the queue, or to perform an Internet search.
The corresponding menu in the Services box is limited to launching, stopping, and restarting services and searching for information online.
Processes can be displayed using colors. The red letters indicate that he is not responding, and the blue letters that he has suspended.
Memory in Resource Monitoring
The memory tab lists processes similar to the CPU tab, but with an emphasis on memory usage. Graphs highlight physical memory used, Memory Commitment, and hardware errors per second.
Each process is listed with its name and ID, hardware errors per second, and various memory-related information.
Commit - The amount of virtual memory that the operating system has committed to the process.
Working Set - The amount of physical memory currently used by the process.
Shareable - The amount of physical memory used by the process that can be shared with other processes.
Private - Amount of physical memory used by the process that cannot be used by other processes.
If you right-click on a process you will get the same level of control as the CPU tab.
Disk tab information
The Windows Resource Monitor Disk tab lists disk activity due to processes as well as storage information
Displays disk usage as a whole for each current process. You see the activity of reading and writing to disk for each process, and you can use the filtering options to filter one or more processes.
The "Save" box at the bottom includes all available drives, the available and total space on each drive, and the active time.
The graphics show the disk queue length. It is an indicator of the demands of this disk and is a good indicator to see if the performance of the disk can not keep up with the I / O functions.
The activity of the network in the Resource Supervision
The Network tab displays network activity, TCP connections, and port listening. Describes in detail the network activity of any current process. In itself it is a very useful information as it immediately tells you if and what processes are connected to the Internet.
You can also see in TCP Connections the list of remote servers to which processes are connected, bandwidth, and local and remote ports.
How to use with Resource Monitoring
1. Check for hardware / second errors and use Physical Memory to find out if your computer needs more RAM. Hardware errors occur when the data needed by a process is pulled from disk (Pagefile) and not from memory. Physical memory simply underlines how much available RAM is being used.
2. Use the CPU tab to connect processes to Windows services.
3. Find out which programs are burning to disk at a specific time.
4. Log all outgoing computer connections or find out if a process is connected to the Internet.
5. Check all the ports that "talk" and close the ones you do not need.
Tricks for Resource Monitoring
1. You can stop monitoring at any time by clicking on the main menu and Monitoring> Stop Monitoring. This precludes automatic data renewal.
2. Move the cursor over a column heading to display a description of it.
3. Right-click on the column header bar and select "Select Columns" from the menu that appears to add or remove columns from the table.
4. Click any column heading to sort the table accordingly. One click on processes, for example, sorts items by process name.
5. You can save your settings and upload them again, using the corresponding menu in the File option.
Resource Monitor is an easy-to-use program for system administrators, experienced users, and even regular users. It offers more information from the Task Manager and gives you some tools to take a closer look at one or more Windows activities.