The CERN approved the plans to build a new $ 23 billion particle accelerator with a 100-kilometer cycle circumference. The new accelerator will do it current of 27 kilometers to look like his little sister.
The new accelerator will be called Future Circular Collider (FCC) and will crush particles with over 100 TeV of energy (the current one is 16 TeV) to create many more mysterious bosons Higgs, identified for for the first time since CERN in 2012. He the new accelerator will become the key to helping physicists learn more about dark matter and its other mysteries Standard Standard of physics.
In the corresponding press release, he mentions his council CERN"Such a machine would produce plenty of bosons Higgs in a very clean environment, would make dramatic progress in mapping the different boson interactions Higgs with other particles and would allow extremely high precision measurements ".
At present and until the new accelerator is built, the CERN has as its current priority the completion of the current accelerator (LHC) upgrade with superconducting NbSn magnets. This would create a lot more conflict than the LHC can now, increasing the chances of seeing the bosons Higgs and other rare particles.
The future accelerator will be built in two stages. In the first stage it will be able to crush electrons and positrons to maximize boson production Higgs, so that scientists can obtain more accurate data on particles. In the second stage it will turn into a 100 TeV proton accelerator that will collide with other protons, and will be designed to create new particles that could expand or even replace the Standard Template of physics.
The goal is to start construction of the new tunnel by 2038, but there is a huge hurdle: money. The new project is so expensive that CERN will need to seek funding outside the EU Member States. Instead, it may need to set up a global body comprising the US, China and Japan.
A hard bargain is likely to be made, especially as the new accelerator does not have as clear a goal as the existing LHC accelerator. However, particle physics and the Standard Model require validation of theories. We know that the only way to find answers is through experimentation and the only place to find them is where we are not yet able to look.