The protocol Gopher is a communication protocol designed to distribute, retrieve, and retrieve documents over Internet Protocol networks.
The design of the protocol Gopher and the user interface was an alternative to the World Wide Web in its early stages, but was eventually not adopted, delivering the reins to the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
The protocol was invented in 1991 by a team led by Mark P. McCahill at the University of Minnesota. It offers some features that are not inherently supported by the web and imposes a much stronger hierarchy on the documents it stores.
The UI only supports text and is suitable for computer environments that rely heavily on remote computer terminals, which were common in 1991. The protocol Gopher preferred by many network administrators because it uses fewer resources than the World Wide Web services.
Its hierarchical structure Gopher provided a platform for the first large-scale electronic libraries, and is still used by enthusiasts. Although almost replaced by the World Wide Web, only a small number of servers remain up and running.
Yes, believe it or not, there are still servers Gopher on the Internet. But because modern browsers do not support the protocol, you will also need to download a standalone client or browser add-on to explore Gopherspace.
The Overbite project is hosted by Floodgap Systems and is for you to see
gopherspace in modern operating systems, browsers and mobile devices.
Return to low bandwidth and high protocol performance Gopher, directly from your mobile phone or your modern computer! Quickly connect to downloads, services, and servers hosted across the global Gopherspace using the free Overbite Project open source software.
What is the use of Gopher;
The Gopher is not a "mini-web", but an effective way to collect and organize documents, files and services without the use of computer resources. Hierarchical nature and menu-document model complement Web and FTP protocol for faster access and simpler processing.
With information from Wikipedia