The EU plans to develop its own DNS system. The project θα ονομάζεται DNS4EU και έρχεται σαν απάντηση στα DNS που έχουν ως επί το πλείστον βάση στις ΗΠΑ. Εκτός από το privacy and better safety that it will offer users, the new DNS will also be able to block "illegal" websites.
The DNS servers καθιστούν δυνατή την αντιστοίχιση ενός domain name (iguru.gr) σε μια address ip (126.96.36.199), έτσι ώστε ένας ιστότοπος ή μια υπηρεσία να μπορεί να εντοπιστεί εύκολα. Φανταστείτε την υπηρεσία σαν ένα τηλεφωνικό κατάλογο του Διαδικτύου.
Today, there are many DNS servers. Many ISPs have their own, but there are also many third-party DNS services from Google companies, Cloudflare, OpenDNS and Norton, all based in the US.
Για να υπάρχει λοιπόν μια κάποια ισορροπία στην αμερικανική κυριαρχία των DNS, η Ευρώπη προτείνει τη δική της εναλλακτική με τίτλο DNS4EU. Την περασμένη εβδομάδα, η European Committee published a call for proposals, which describes in detail the features that a government-controlled DNS project should offer.
The project overview makes it clear that the upcoming DNS4EU service is intended to protect end-users' privacy and keep them safe.
However, the EU initiative goes a step further. Although the details are not known as the project is still at a very early stage, the official documentation states that "illegal content" could also be ruled out.
"Filtering URLs that lead to illegal content based on legal requirements in the EU or national jurisdictions (eg based on court rulings), in full compliance with EU rules." Closing these pages at the same time could also affect the traffic that goes through the backbones of the Internet that use the DNS resolution program.
From the above you understand that pirated sites will probably be blocked by the DNS4EU service. Of course without knowing the full technical regulation, we must be careful before drawing conclusions.
Backbones work across borders and continents, so a potential overblock is something that can be a cause for concern.
The project overview emphasizes that filtering and blocking measures should be consistent with national regulations, so we assume that the upcoming DNS project may treat traffic in Internet by individual Member States.
Patrick Breyer, a Member of the European Parliament (EC) for the Pirate Party, believes the project is unnecessary. Current DNS solutions work perfectly, and adding government filtering and blocking tools is dangerous.
"A DSA government system runs the risk of cyber censorship," Breyer told TorrentFreak, adding that blocking DNS is easily circumvented.
According to Breyer, content that violates the law should be removed and not excluded. Otherwise, there is always the risk of excessive exclusion.
This DNS solution should not turn Europe into China….