2016, Linux has 25 XNUMX life-saving. It began as a project for students and is everywhere: from smartphones, supercomputers, web servers and cloud boxes to the latest smart cars.
Ακόμη και η εξαίρεση, ο τελικός χρήστης, κινείται προς στο Linux, αν σκεφτεί κανείς ότι το Android είναι σήμερα το πιο δημοφιλές σύστημα για κινητές Appliances. Επιπλέον, τα Chromebook γίνονται όλο και πιο δημοφιλή.
Even traditional Linux desktops such as Arch, Debian, Fedora, openSUSE, MintAnd Ubuntu they seem to be gaining ground. Of course, the Linux desktop market share is still very small compared to other operating systems, although Linux users have always been.
On the other hand, almost all web pages and too many Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) run on with this particular operating system.
Even Microsoft is reportedly making a penetration of the penguin, since the year we passed it became an official member Linux Foundation.
So, with everything that happens last, why worry?
Open-source community leader Eric S. Raymond επεσήμανε πριν από χρόνια στο Linus's Law, ότι: “έχοντας αρκετά μάτια τα bugs δεν θα υπάρχουν” σε ελεύθερη μετάφραση του “Given enough eyeballs all bugs are shallow ”. This is one of the key concepts that made open source operating system successful today as it strengthens the software of open source.
But it works only if there are enough eyes looking for bugs to correct the code. The estimates of the number of errors per thousand lines of code (KLOC) ranges from 15 to 50 Mistakes per KLOC and in three if the code has been very rigorously checked and tested. The Linux kernel alone today comes with over 16 million lines of code. Make the bill….
2016 and we have seen two big Linux security flaws to be skipped before they are fixed. These voids were in LUKS disk encryption and Dirty Cow, a problem in Linux memory. There were also other minor bugs in Linux, 2016, but in honor of the developers, these problems were repaired almost as soon as they appeared.
In fixing code problems, Linux has broken all records, and the support provided is far superior and much more direct than that of Apple, Microsoft, or any other provider of closed source software.
But let's make the bills:
There are at least 3.000 bugs that need to be discovered and fixed…
There are, of course, leading Linux security developers who are responsible for hunting these bugs. There are instructions on how to report errors when you find them. But there are never enough developers to fix even the reported bugs.
One of the leaders of Linux Jon "Maddog" Hall noticed a few years ago:
“Some people argue that Free Software has unlimited resources but every product or project is limited in resources in one way or another. The number of people who can work at free software, is limited to the people who have the ability, time and willingness to contribute. "
At the same time, hackers are more motivated than ever to break open source operating systems. Irish developer Donncha O'Cearbhaill, who recently revealed two bugs in the Ubuntu desktop Reported, that he was offered $10.000 by a sales company malicioussoftware.
“Αυτά τα χρηματοοικονομικά κίνητρα αυξάνονται μόνο όταν το software γίνεται πιο ασφαλές και τα σφάλματα είναι πιο δύσκολο να ανακαλυφθούν,” ανέφερε.
As you can see from above, the popular open source operating system has gained great power. And because great power is also a big responsibility, developers will have to take over to maintain its security.
The idea of publication came from ZDNet and the article by Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols