Upgrade from OpenSUSE Leap to Tumbleweed

If you use OpenSUSE you will know that there are two different versions: the fixed Leap and the rolling Tumbleweed.

Here I have to stand a little bit as I think both are fixed versions. The rolling version of Tumbleweed is not before the fixed leap. What does this mean; Perhaps there are many who believe that the rolling version is built to serve steady, testing new products and applications and services. Error.
OpenSuse is not like the other distributions you know and you may have tried.

Linux distributions that we know and are available on a rolling circle, contain packet programs that have been tested in a test repository. Since bugs and bugs have not been noticed, then only then they proceed to constantly publishing them.

But it is not the case with Tumbleweed. Before even using packages from the test repository, it is first tested by people and after machines. Then proceed to the test repository or Factory.

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Tests from too many users start and when it is considered ready for mass use, it goes back to control (first by man and after machines). After completing the process, it goes to the repository of the rolling version. This means that it has gone through too many checks before it comes out of the traffic.tumbleweed

The only thing left is the system that you install the operating system. If the hardware is old and there are problems, you can report the bug to fix it at the next update.

If you are in OpenSUSE Leap and want to try the Tumbleweed below, we'll describe how to change version:

We first make a backup of Leap's repos

su -
mkdir /etc/zypp/repos.d/old
mv /etc/zypp/repos.d/*.repo /etc/zypp/repos.d/old

Then add the official repositories of Tumbleweed

zypper ar -f -c http://download.opensuse.org/tumbleweed/repo/oss repo-oss
zypper ar -f -c http://download.opensuse.org/tumbleweed/repo/non-oss repo-non-oss
zypper ar -f -c http://download.opensuse.org/tumbleweed/repo/debug repo-debug
zypper ar -f -c http://download.opensuse.org/update/tumbleweed/ repo-update

We check the repos that we installed:

zypper lr-u

and refresh repos to get the new gpg keys

zypper --gpg-auto-import-keys ref

Following the above we are ready to change the version

sudo zypper dup

The last command will take a long time to complete (depends on your connection)
After installing, we can add more repositories

zypper ar -f -n packman http://ftp.gwdg.de/pub/linux/misc/packman/suse/openSUSE_Tumbleweed/ packman
zypper ar -f -n science http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/openSUSE_Tumbleweed/ science
zypper ar -f -n wine http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine/openSUSE_Tumbleweed/ wine

We're done.

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If for some reason you are not happy, let's see how you can go back to LeapLeap

I would certainly recommend a clean installation of Leap, but you can also try the following way:

Let's remove the Tumbleweed repos. Then we will bring back the Leap repositories from the backup we made at the beginning:

su -
rm /etc/zypp/repos.d/*
mv /etc/zypp/repos.d/old/*.repo /etc/zypp/repos.d/

Let's check the repositories:

zypper lr-u

Refresh for new gpg keys.

zypper --gpg-auto-import-keys ref

And now we can go back to Leap:

sudo zypper dup

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