What if future artificial intelligence could predict future events several days in advance? The United States is experimenting with this scenario.
Scenario that first it became a movie and apparently inspired the Pentagon hawks. Sounds like one last form of deterrence of a war. A visionary idea that will lead U.S. military commanders and senior politicians to know in advance the most likely scenario that may occur. Both of them quickly adopt her idea introduction of artificial intelligence (AI) in military services.
In July 2021, the North American Aeronautics and Space Administration (NORAD) and the North American Air Force (NORTHCOM) conducted a third series of tests called Global Information Dominance Experiments (GIDE), in collaboration with leaders from 11 administrative forces. The first and second series of tests were performed on December 2020 and March 2021, Respectively.
The tests were designed to be carried out in phases, each of which demonstrates the current capabilities of three interconnected tools with artificial intelligence capabilities, called Cosmos, Latex and Gaia.
Gaia provides real-time status awareness for any geographic location, consisting of many different classified and unsorted data sources, such as huge volumes of satellite imagery, communications data, information reports, and a variety of sensor data.
Lattice offers real-time monitoring and threat response options. Cosmos enables strategy and cloud-based collaboration, with many different commands.
Together, these decision-making tools are supposed to predict what opponents will do in advance, allowing U.S. military leaders to anticipate their opponents' actions before any conflict arises.
Τέτοια εργαλεία, όπως η χρήση τεχνητής νοημοσύνης στο πεδίο της μάχης, είναι ιδιαίτερα ελκυστικά για την ηγετική στρατιωτική team των ΗΠΑ, καθώς θα τους προετοιμάζουν στο μέλλον, να λάβουν αποφάσεις μέσα σε συμπιεσμένους χρόνους.
They also cite many popular issues that sound loud, such as the dominance of information, the supremacy of decisions, the complete deterrence and the joint command and control of all sectors (JADC2).
Speaking at a one-day conference of the National Security Committee on Artificial Intelligence (NACAI), US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin stressed the importance of Artificial Intelligence for the possibility of a comprehensive deterrent, expressing his intention to use "the right mix of technology, business concepts and capabilities, all intertwined with a web way that is so reliable, flexible and powerful that it will stop any opponent".
These AI platforms are expected to go beyond simply raising awareness and providing better early warning.
They will offer US military leaders what is considered the holy grail of business planning, producing a strategic warning for hostile actions in the gray area (ie, in the phase of political rivalry), before any irreversible move.
Such a development would allow decision-makers to make precautionary choices (rather than reactionary ones, as they used to) and allow for much faster decisions.
Here is a tempting question: What can go wrong?
Everyone knows that in the basic script of science fiction novels and movies that explore the possibilities of artificial intelligence, such as Minority Report, The Forbin Project, War Games etc, there is always something wrong.
The idea is also strangely reminiscent of a Soviet intelligence program, known as RYaN, which was designed to predict a nuclear attack based on data indicators and computational estimates.
Η συγκέντρωση ενός πραγματικά αμερόληπτου συνόλου δεδομένων, που έχει σχεδιαστεί για να προβλέπει συγκεκριμένα Results, παραμένει μια σημαντική challenge, especially for life and death situations and in areas with sparse data availability, such as in a nuclear conflict.
In the 1980s, the KGB wanted to predict the start of a nuclear war, for six months to a whole year earlier, by a wide variety of indicators – e.g. unprogrammedeyein the movement of senior officials, FEMA preparations, military exercises and alerts, scheduled weapons maintenance, denial of leave to soldiers, visa approvals and travel information, and US foreign intelligence activities.
They even considered her removal of documents related to the American Revolution from public view, as a possible indicator of war. Bulk data was entered into a computer model to “calculates and monitors the correlation of forces, including military, economic, and psychological factors, to assign probabilities». Findings from Ryan contributed to the Soviet paranoia of a possible nuclear attack from the US in 1983 and almost led their leadership to start a nuclear war.
Although such an idea came long before its time, today's machine learning technologies are now capable of detecting subtle forms in seemingly random data and they could start doing accurate short-term forecasts for opponents. Amid excitement about artificial intelligence-enabled decision-making tools, US defense leaders are hoping to address any concerns, insisting that their adoption will be responsible, that people will remain in control, and that all systems that produce unintended consequences, will be except connection.
However, national security experts such as Paul Scharre, Michael Horowitz and many others point out the critical technical hurdles that need to be overcome before the benefits of using artificial intelligence tools outweigh the potential risks.
Although there is already a lot of useful data for linking machine learning algorithms, aggregating a truly unbiased data set designed to predict specific outcomes remains a major challenge, especially for life and death situations and in areas with sparse data, such as a nuclear conflict.
The complexity of the real world offers another major hurdle. To work properly, the machine learning tools require expensive models about how the world works, but their accuracy depends largely on human understanding of the world and how it evolves.
As such complexity often defies human understanding (a great example Stanislav Gevgrafovich Petrov), AI-enabled systems are likely to behave in unexpected ways. And even if one tool machine learning overcome these obstacles and work properly, the problem of explanation can prevent policymakers from trusting them if they are unable to understand how the tool produced the various results.
Utilizing artificial intelligence tools to make better decisions is a fact, but using them to anticipation of hostile actions in order to catch them, it is a completely different game.
Aside from raising philosophical questions about free will and the inevitable, it is not clear whether any precautionary measures taken in response to the predicted hostile behavior could be perceived by the other side as aggressive and catalyze a war that the former tried to avoid.