The European Union brings into force the other wkteam the DMA Act, which deals with digital markets, thus rewriting the rules of the internet and hoping it will force big companies to become much more open.
From November 1, it comes into force in the territory of the European Union law for digital markets Digital Markets Act (DMA), which will change the internet forever and make it much harder for a company to become a tech giant.
The EU hopes with the Digital Markets Act to make purchases in the digital sector fairer and more contestable. This law establishes a set of clearly defined criteria modeof the "Gatekeepers". Gatekeepers are large digital platforms that provide so-called core services, such as for example online search engines, app stores, messenger services, etc.
Legislation is pending to force companies like Amazon, Google and Meta to make their platforms more open and interoperable by 2023. This could bring about significant changes in what they can do users with their devices and applications.
For example, if you have iPhone, θα πρέπει να μπορείτε να κατεβάζετε εφαρμογές όχι μόνο από το App Store αλλά από άλλα καταστήματα εφαρμογών ή από το διαδίκτυο. Το DMA θα απαιτεί από τις κυρίαρχες πλατφόρμες να επιτρέπουν την ανοικτή χρήση σε μικρότερους ανταγωνιστές και θα μπορούσε να υποχρεώσει το whatsapp of Meta to receive messages from competing applications such as Signal or Telegram or prevent Amazon, Apple and Google from only accepting their own apps and services.
Although the DMA goes into effect next week, technology platforms are not required to comply immediately. The EU must first decide which companies are big and established enough to be classified as 'Gatekeepers' and tighten the rules against them.
The list of Gatekeepers is expected to be announced in the spring of 2023 and will likely include the top twelve major companies. With this announcement, companies on the list will have six months to comply.
The EU has imposed in the past large fines against of Google, Apple and other companies for antitrust policy. The bottom line is that the EU is also changing with the GDPR for digital privacy, DMA is expected to lead to changes in the way technology platforms serve users.
Tech companies will also soon have to deal with a second sweeping EU law, the Digital Services Act (Digital Services Act), which requires algorithmic risk assessments and automated decision-making disclosures to be made. This law could force social platforms like TikTok to open up data them in external EU audits.
The EU is also considering specific rules for artificial intelligence, which could ban certain uses of the technology.