Microsoft has versions of Windows operating system for computers and servers. At first glance, Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 are similar, but each has two different uses and of course different features.
Windows 10 excels in day-to-day improvements, while Windows Server can handle multiple computers, files, and services at the same time.
Windows 10 and Windows Server have similar code
If you run a clean copy of Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016, it would be easy to confuse them. They can have the same desktop, the same start button and the same task bar. They use the same kernel and they can run the same software. You can, for example, install Google Chrome, Firefox or Microsoft Office in both functionalities.
But similarities stop there. Microsoft has designed Windows 10 for desktop use in people in front of the computer while Window Server as a server can run services and applications from people who have access to a network.
Although Windows Server has a desktop, Microsoft recommends that you install the operating without any graphical user interface (or remove it), leaving only one command line. This reduces the resources required to run the server.
So the operating system lets you choose to run it Nano server, which does not have a GUI and local login capabilities to use much less space than a regular Server installation.
Windows Server has server software
From this panel, you can add to server features such as Windows Deployment Services, DHCP services, and Active Directory Domain Services. These features allow you to remotely install an operating system on other machines, create a static IP address for clients, control a network domain to add other computers to a domain, and build users by domain.
The above features are not available for Windows 10, although you could install them with third party software like Apache.
Windows Server also supports features such as SMB Direct for faster file sharing, better support for the Resilient File System. These specific features can only be available with a server or if you use Windows 10 Pro for Workstations.
Servers are designed to work together, so you can have a server that meets one or two of the roles above and another server that takes other roles for the same overall project.
Windows Server supports high quality hardware
Windows Server supports more powerful hardware. For example, Windows 10 Pro has a maximum memory limit of 2 TB RAM, while Windows Server allows up to 24 TB. A simple user is unlikely to use such a volume of RAM, but servers need it for managing multiple users, computers, and possible VMs via Hyper-V.
Windows 10 also has a limit for processors. The version of Windows 10 Home only supports one physical CPU, while Windows 10 Pro supports two. Windows Server 2016 supports up to 64 slots. Similarly, a 32-bit copy of Windows 10 only supports 32 kernels, and the 64-bit version supports 256 kernels. Windows Server has no limit on kernels.
To get a little closer to these features, you'll need to use Windows 10 Pro for Workstations, which supports 4 CPUs and 6 TB of RAM.
Windows Server is locked
Windows Server has removed many of the Windows features. You will not find the digital assistant CortanaThe Microsoft StoreIn Edge or Timeline. Instead of Edge, Windows Server still uses Internet Explorer and is locked to prevent normal Web browsing. If you want to use it Google Chrome, you'll need to add many exceptions for many Google URLs to complete the download.
Windows Server does not support a connection to a Microsoft account, so you can not transfer your settings to another computer. So you need to sign in with a local account or a domain account.
Windows 10 Home has finally begun a stop function updates, while Windows Server can disable updates completely through Group Policy (like Windows 10 Enterprise and Windows LTSB).
Windows 10 has more features like Your Phone, Progressive Web Apps, and Windows Subsystem for Linux. Some of these features are based on Microsoft Store, which Windows Server has no access to.
Windows Server is more expensive
If you have Windows 7, 8, or 8.1 keys, you can still install Windows 10 for free. Windows Server 2016 licenses are very expensive because they appeal to professionals and businesses.
Depending on the size of your business, a single license may cost from 500 up to and 6200 dollars.